Text Comprehension in English - Exercises

Text Comprehension in English - Exercises

What is Global warming?

Glaciers are melting, sea levels are rising, cloud forests
are drying, and wildlife is scrambling to keep pace. It’s
becoming clear that humans have caused most of the
past century’s warming by releasing heat-trapping
gases as we power our modern lives. Called greenhouse
gases, their levels are higher now than in the
last 650,000 years.

The “greenhouse effect” is the warming that happens
when certain gases in Earth’s atmosphere trap heat.
These gases let in light but keep heat from escaping,
like the glass walls of a greenhouse.

First, sunlight shines onto the Earth’s surface, where
it is absorbed and then radiates back into the atmosphere
as heat. In the atmosphere, “greenhouse” gases
trap some of this heat, and the rest escapes into space.
The more greenhouse gases are in the atmosphere,
the more heat gets trapped.

We call the result global warming, but it is causing
a set of changes to the Earth’s climate, or long-term
weather patterns, that varies from place to place. As
the Earth spins each day, the new heat swirls with it,
picking up moisture over the oceans, rising here, settling
there. It’s changing the rhythms of climate that
all living things have come to rely upon.

What will we do to slow this warming? How will we
cope with the changes we’ve already set into motion?
While we struggle to figure it all out, the face of the
Earth as we know it—coasts, forests, farms and snowcapped
mountains—hangs in the balance.

ext Comprehension in English - Exercises
by Pixabay

1. (São José/2015/FEPESE) According to the text, it is correct to say that:
a. ( ) forests are being cut down by timber mills.
b. ( ) wildlife no longer exists in the 20th century.
c. ( ) man alone is responsible for global warming.
d. ( ) high temperatures are making the level of the seas decrease.
e. ( ) in the last 650 thousand years, the level of the heat-trapping gases has never been so high.

2.  (São José/2015/FEPESE) Choose the alternative that completes the following sentence, correctly:
The more greenhouse effect gases are in the atmosphere,
a. ( ) the more heat will be trapped.
b. ( ) the more solar light will penetrate the surface of the Earth.
c. ( ) the higher the atmospheric pressure will be.
d. ( ) the more serious natural disasters will hit the Earth.
e. ( ) the fewer chances we will have to survive in the future.

3.  (São José/2015/FEPESE) According to the text, it can be stated that:
a. ( ) such phenomena as EL Niño or La Niña are the direct result of global warming.
b. ( ) global warming causes alterations to weather patterns.
c. ( ) it is possible to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide, and at the same time save a lot of money.
d. ( ) man’s responsibility for global climate changes has been attested by the United Nations Climate Change Panel in 2007.
e. ( ) at just this moment mankind does not have technological resources to solve the problem of global warming.

4.  (São José/2015/FEPESE) We can infer about the text that:
a. ( ) our planet’s atmosphere works as greenhouse.
b. ( ) certain gases ‘imprison’ the Earth’s atmosphere.
c. ( ) certain gases let the sunlight in, but don’t let all the heat out.
d. ( ) the ‘greenhouse effect’ occurs when the glass walls of a greenhouse prevent heat from returning to the atmosphere.
e. ( ) the Earth’s atmosphere provokes ‘greenhouse effects’ gases.

5.  (São José/2015/FEPESE) It can be inferred from the passage that:
a. ( ) the future of our planet as we know it is quite uncertain.
b. ( ) there seems to be no political will to change the situation.
c. ( ) if global warming becomes an even more
serious problem, it will no doubt drive up food
prices, among other economic consequences.
d. ( ) the pace of global warming cannot be slowed down.
e. ( ) it is unlikely that mankind succeeds in coexisting with the climate changes already under way.

6.  (São José/2015/FEPESE) Which of the following is the correct definition of ‘greenhouse’?
a. ( ) a small flying insect.
b. ( ) a shop where fruit and vegetables are sold.
c. ( ) a person who does not have much experience.
d. ( ) a political party concerned with environmental issues.
e. ( ) a building with glass walls and roof where plants and vegetables are cultivated

7.  (São José/2015/FEPESE) In the sentence “These gases let in light but keep heat from escaping”, which of the following verbs could replace ‘keep’?
a. ( ) allow
b. ( ) avoid
c. ( ) forbid
d. ( ) prevent
e. ( ) continue

Answer: Text Comprehension in English - Exercises

1 E 2 A 3 B 4 C 5 A 6 E 7 D

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